Pepper is a type of vine, long, smooth, hairless, clinging to other plants by roots. The stem is rolled, the leaves are alternate. Leaves are like betel leaves, but longer and more oblong. There are two types of branches: a fruit-bearing branch and a nutritious branch, both of which arise from the interstitium of the leaves.
Small spherical fruit, about 20-30 fruits on a bunch, at first green, then red, yellow when ripe, dried to black.
Pepper originates from India. In Vietnam, pepper is grown in many southern provinces of our country, most in Chau Doc, Ha Tien, Phu Quoc, Ba Ria, and Quang Tri. Black pepper: People pick the fruit when they see some red or yellow fruits on the bunch, that is, when the fruit is still green. The fruit is too young to be afraid, very crispy, when dried, it will be easily broken. As for other fruits, when dried, the skin will wrinkle, the color will turn black, hence the name black pepper.
In addition, the fruit of the pepper plant can also be processed into white pepper or skull pepper.